文章摘要
史黎晗,易敏,罗月,赵海燕,热勒肯,叶尓生,康鹏德.全髋关节置换术应用于脊髓灰质炎 后遗症期患者的研究进展[J].,2019,27(17):1589-1592
全髋关节置换术应用于脊髓灰质炎 后遗症期患者的研究进展
Current therapeutic progression of total hip arthroplasty in patients with residual poliomyelitis
投稿时间:2019-01-06  
DOI:
中文关键词: 脊髓灰质炎后遗症期, 全髋关节置换术, 骨关节炎
英文关键词: residual poliomyelitis, total hip arthroplasty, osteoarthritis
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作者单位
史黎晗  
易敏  
罗月  
赵海燕  
热勒肯  
叶尓生  
康鹏德  
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中文摘要:
      摘要:脊髓灰质炎后遗症期患者因其下肢肌力不平衡,常出现患侧或健侧髋关节的骨关节炎,严重影响患者生活 质量。全髋关节置换术(THA)是治疗髋关节病变的有效方法,但脊髓灰质炎后遗症期患者因其髋关节外展肌无力等 问题使其术后脱位风险增加,对患者的预后造成较大的影响,目前国内外此方面的研究较少,因此本文总结全髋关节 置换术治疗脊髓灰质炎后遗症期患者的相关文献,从发病机制、手术适应证、手术入路、假体的选择与安放、术后并 发症及术后康复训练几方面进行系统综述,以期为全髋关节置换术治疗脊髓灰质炎后遗症期患者提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Abstract: The patients with poliomyelitis sequelae may have degenerative arthritis of the hip in the paralytic or the nonpar? alytic contralateral sides due to imbalance of muscle strength, which affect patient's quality of life seriously. Total hip arthroplas? ty (THA) is the gold standard treatment for severe refractory coxarthrosis. However, the THA in patients who suffered from polio? myelitis sequelae takes high risk of postoperative complications, such as dislocation resulting from paralysis of muscles around the hip, which impact great deal on the prognosis. Although there are very few studies regarding THA in this patient population, the original articles related to pathogenesis, indications for operation, operative approach, prosthesis choosing, prosthesis im? plantation, postoperative complication and rehabilitation in recent years were reviewed in this paper to provide reference for cli? nician who might perform THA for treatment of coxarthrosis secondary to poliomyelitis.
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